Constable badge.jpgHistory Guide to the Macedonia Police Department

 

Introduction to the History Guide and its writer Kenneth Turley

The History Guide of the Macedonia Police Department and the information contained in it was the result of a lot of hard work by many members of the police department. Also sharing his work was Retired Sergeant Charles Kozelka, who compiled much information when he last updated the history of the department in 1977.

The research and information found in this history guide, is being presented to you by Patrolman K.R. Turley #12. Patrolman Turley started his career with the Macedonia Police Department on June 12, 1987 and currently serves as a patrol officer on the department. He was also appointed to serve on the City of Macedonia Mayor's Safety Advisory Committee and is the department's historian. 

From Patrolman Turley to the Reader

Please keep in mind that this guide may at times not fully explain all of the details concerning some of the events that were recorded. Sources were limited, and very little of the past history pertaining to the department was preserved. 

In late 1999 the Chief of Police, James Popovich, directed me to update the Department's history. As the writer, it was my fervent hope to record as much of the accurate history as possible. I wanted to inform the present and future generations of the Department's personnel of the traditional past, as well as give them a sense of heritage and self-pride in the Department and community in which they work. 

Any omissions or inaccuracies are purely accidental and please keep in mind it's a guide to follow.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Chief of Police James Popovich for having the confidence in me to complete this assignment. Also, my shift Sergeants who were patient during the time that I spent away from my patrol duties, and all those who helped this history guide come to be.

The Early Years

The earliest record of any mention of a law enforcement official in Macedonia was found in an article written by Mr. Nelson R. Brown who wrote a small town newspaper for the Church called "The Review". It carried a column of local news as well as church matters. For example some of the June 1895 Review articles were:

"The dwelling belonging to Jas. Duffy was entirely consumed by fire last week." "Work on the ABC electric railway through Northfield is being pushed as rapidly as possible."

"Hiram Truby is putting up house in Northfield."

Nelson Brown also printed a list of Macedonia Township officials in each issue. In 1895 these Trustees were — John W. Way, Z.F. Chamberlin, Loren Bliss Clerk -A.L. Bliss, Treasurer - John N. McConnell; Assessor - Brian Martin; Constables were - H.A. Hawley, Robert Clifford. Justices of the peace were George Forbes and F. M. Waite. I was unable to locate any official information about the article mention of the early Township prior to the turn of the century. However, The Review clearly named two police constables, among them was H. A. Hawley.

We do know that on October 7, 1905, a resolution by the board of trustees of Northfield Township was signed. This declared that the area of land on the East side of Northfield Township and to the West of Twinsburg Township, and all those lands found in between to be separated from Northfield. They were then to be incorporated, which created the Village of Macedonia.

Map.jpg

Early Map of the Village of Macedonia circa early 1900's

The Chief Law enforcement officer of the newly formed Village was known as the Village Marshal. The Mayor and the Council appointed the Village Marshal and Deputy Marshals to the office. The first Village Marshal named to the position was H. A. Hawley, he was paid $25.00 per year, and was furnished with a badge and the latest style handcuffs. The records show that the cost of the badge was $1.15. The Marshal's badge was a beautiful Silver Star adorned with an oak leaf wreath and topped with an Eagle. Early lawmen that were fortunate enough to have a badge probably went to the local blacksmith shop where one was fashioned out of a piece of metal. There were however, many manufactures that produced badges. One such company was the Dawson C. H. Company of Cleveland, which is no longer in business today. They supplied many of the Northeastern Ohio cities and Village Marshals with their badges.

The early Village Marshal would have used the services of the local blacksmith for a variety of reasons, including making restraints.

Blacksmith Photo.jpg
 

Macedonia Blacksmith Shop (Mr. Emmons with the beard and Mr. Dixon Smithy)

Scene of early Macedonia. This is where the corner of State Route Eighty-Two and Freeway Drive are today looking west.

Macedonia 82 Freeway Dr.jpg
   
Park Avenue looking east. Park Avenue.jpg
   

I initially thought it would be impossible to research the badge since the originals were gone forever, and around the turn of the century, there weren't many styles to choose from. However, using past descriptions, the cost, and the time period, I was able to have a reproduction badge fashioned by the Blackington Badge Company for about $60.00.

Marshalls Badge.jpg
 

Reproduction of the Village Marshals silver star

I was not able to find an appointment date for H.A. Hawley. The information we do have is that he never completed his term in office due to his death in 1906.

On April 10, 1906, Henry James was appointed to fill the vacancy in the Marshal's office. On November 3, 1909, the honorable Mayor Wise instructed the Village Marshal to find a suitable location to build a jail. At that time Macedonia had no jail. If a prisoner was to be held, he was confined in the town hall, a room that had no windows and only pad lock to secure the door. In later years prisoners could be held for longer periods with the High Sheriff at the County jail in Akron.

The Marshal or his Deputy would transport the prisoner by way of the electric streetcar line, commonly called the A.B.C Line (Akron/Bedford/Cleveland). In the early service of the A.B.C Line, a trip to Akron was about two and one half-hours, which was later improved to about a half an hour service. The high speed of the A.B.C. cars made them popular for urban use. The car line furnished regular cheap transportation between Cleveland and Akron and as a result, many people began to move to Macedonia because of the easy access to transportation and to work. ABC Line New 8.jpg
  A.B. C. Streetcar line was located at what we know today to be State Route Eight and Eighty-Two

Around 1916, roads were starting to replace the horse path. Early roads were constructed out of slag or gravel to accommodate the ever increasingly use of the automobile.

The next appointment to the Marshals office was January 3, 1910. The Mayor appointed Henry Harrington due to the Marshal elect, Joseph Bender, failing to qualify because of a technicality which was not given in the record.

On September 16, 1912 during a special meeting of Council called by Mayor Wise, a paragraph was read that Mr. Rammey was confirmed as Bondsman for Mr. Wilson who was appointed Deputy Marshal. There was no mention of the Deputy's full name and no record could be found.

On July 2, 1913 during a regular meeting, a resolution was offered by Councilman Jenkins that the clerk write to the Marshal, Mr. A. A. Likens, Jr., asking for his resignation. The reason given was his absence from the Village for the entire summer. No record could be found as to when Mr. Likens, Jr. was appointed.

August 6, 1913, the clerk read the Marshal's resignation letter and a motion to accept it was carried. During that same meeting, a new Marshal was appointed, Mr. George Grimmes.

March 3, 1914 George A. Grimmes resigns and H. 0. Kelty is appointed Village Marshal. In May of 1914, the Mayor declared the Office of Marshal vacant and appointed Mr. W. Beamey to fill the position. During that same meeting, the Street Commissioner was instructed to get six 15 M.P.H. speed limit signs and four danger signs and put them up where necessary, this due to the increase in automobile traffic. The danger signs were posted in areas where the roads were likely to wash out and at dangerous curves.

August 1, 1916 Henry Harrington resigned as Marshal and a temporary appointment was made. The temporary appointee was R. J. Ryan.

August 20, 1916, Howard Chamberlin was appointed by Council as Marshal.

In 1918 Howard Chamberlin resigns and is replaced by Harvey Barr.

November 6, 1918 Harvey Barr resigns because of his moving from the area and was replaced the same day by L. D. Oviatt. Council agreed to pay the Marshal $25.00 a year and bear the expense of his telephone.

The year of 1919 began the start of prohibition, The 18th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution, which made the manufacturing of, the sale, or the transportation and possession of intoxicating liquors illegal. This brought about the new laws in the 1920's, "The Roaring Twenties" as they were known The early years saw the birth of a newly formed Village, the invention of the automobile, World War I and the start of prohibition making it illegal to consume alcohol. So many innovations created new problems, which in turn demanded the need for the passage of additional laws. The records show the Village Council creating laws designed to protect a person and their property, which included prohibiting the use of sidewalks for horses, livestock and motorized carriage traffic. More street signs began to appear which regulated traffic on the Village roadways and fines were imposed to violators- not to exceed $5.00.

Persons found violating a village ordinance were brought before the J.P. (Justice of the Peace) or police Judge, which were elected to the county position.

1920's

On January 3, 1922, Marshall L. 0. Oviatt asked council to increase his pay but they refused. Upon hearing Council's refusal, he resigned from the position. At this meeting Ralph Phipps was appointed Marshal and former Marshall Oviatt was made his Deputy Marshal. The annual pay was $25.00 per year with paid telephone, but council added 40 cents per hour when on duty.

A "special" Council meeting was held on September 9, 1922 for the purpose of appointing a new Marshal and Police Justice since Ralph Phipps had decided to move to Hudson, Ohio. Mayor Reed declared the office vacant and Council confirmed the appointment of C. B. "Pat" Griswald.

Another "special" Council meeting was held on September 13, 1922 for the completion of Marshal Griswald's appointment and for the arranging of a bond and supplies for his use. Upon Marshal Griswald's request, Council agreed to purchase a docket, seal, and a general codebook of Ohio. Council further agreed to purchase a revolver for the Marshal's use. Also at this meeting, council ordered the street commissioner to procure and set up speed limit signs. The signs were to state "20 MPH" and be placed on each road leading into the center of the Village.

Speed Limit Ordinance.jpgMayor H.J. Reid signed the official document (above) passing one of Macedonia's first speed limit laws

 

Ordinance 74.jpgOrdinance No. 74 Division of funds showed that the Marshals office received
fifty percent of fines collected to further assist him in the enforcement
and prosecution of violators of the prohibition law.

On October 3, 1922, Mayor Reed asked council to set a figure as to the division of fines in cases involving liquor violations. Council decided at this meeting to divide the fine, 50% for the Marshals office and 50% to the Village general fund.

During a special meeting called on March 4, 1923, Council discussed giving Deputy Marshal's permission to carry firearms. Prior to this they were unarmed. A motion was made and voted on. The motion was carried, all voting yes.

 

Macedonia Bank.jpgNorthfield-Macedonia Bank - 1921

On March 6, 1923 Ordnance No. 74 was passed allowing the appropriation of 50% of all fines collected be allotted to the Marshal's office. This would assist in the cost of prosecuting and enforcement of violations of the prohibition law. Other matters discussed, Mayor Reed appointed N. J. Malott Deputy Marshal. At this meeting, Council agreed to provide the deputy marshal with a badge and a set of handcuffs at a price not to exceed $2.50. Deputy Malott resigned a short time later and was replaced by George Johnson.

July 3, 1923 Council appointed six Deputy Marshals. They were Mr. Skelly, Albert Alexander, Arthur Olds, Glenn Phipps, Harvey Barr and T. B. Burroughs. The clerk was ordered to purchase badges for the officers. Harvey Barr had returned to Macedonia from his leave and was again appointed.

Transportation for the Village Marshals had to be provided by the officers themselves. The most common mode of transportation for early law enforcement, just after the turn of the century, was the horse. It wasn't until 1927 that Village officials began discussing the purchase of a vehicle for police use. In all the research of City documents, no mention was made in reference to early police vehicles. However, in July of 2000 I received a phone call from Mrs. Edith Schmeller of Peninsula, Ohio. She told me, that she and her husband own a 1923 Model "T" Ford. Mrs. Schmeller stated the history of the car had been handed down to her and that she owned a real piece of Macedonia history. This car had at one time been used as a Macedonia police car in 1924. Mrs. Schmeller was kind enough to send a picture along with a letter and a copy of the written history she received from the previous owner. I was not able to verify her information; however, it made for a nice story and one that I wanted to share with the readers of the history guide. Also I want to state that in those days, The Tin Lizzy (Model T Ford) was a popular and affordable choice for many law enforcement agencies of that time.

I was very grateful for Mrs. Schmeller' s letter and it came at an important time during the research for this history guide.

Tin Lizzy.jpg ABC Station.jpgInterurban Depot (Corner of Rt. 82 & New 8)
Mrs. Schmeller's 1923 Model "T" Ford believed to
be an early Macedonia Police car.

N.O.T.& L. (Northern Ohio Traction and Light Company)
Owned the A.B. C. Line in the mid-1920s. A representative from
the company requested the village Mayor and Council deputize
One of its employees working in the station to keep order.

On January 8, 1924 during a regular meeting, the current Mayor Mr. Taylor, instructed Marshal Barr to collect the six Deputy badges that were given out in 1923 with the exception of Glenn Phipps, who was appointed the Village Deputy Marshal during that meeting. The clerk was also instructed to have a telephone installed in Marshal Barr's residence.

At the regular Council meeting on February 5, 1924,a former Deputy Albert Alexander told the Mayor that he would not return his badge until Police Judge Griswald pays him the money he believed to be owed to him from the village. Mr. Griswald advised Mr. Alexander to come and see him and he would make out a check for the amount owed in return for the badge.

July 1, 1924 Police Judge Griswald resigns and is appointed Deputy Marshal.

January 5, 1926 Floyd V. McRitchie is appointed as Marshal for the Village of Macedonia. 

June 1, 1926 Mr. Walters is appointed Deputy Marshal.

August 23, 1927 the Marshals wage is increased to $.75 per hour.

September 6, 1927 Village Council discusses the purchase of a police car. Committee member Mr. Jones reported numerous demonstrations of various types of vehicles and submitted the following list for consideration by council. The Hupmobile at $1,275.00, The Oakland for $1,275.00, Chrysler at $1,600.00, an Essex for $790.00, a Ford at $495.00, a Nash at $1,600.00, a Chevrolet $650.00 and a second hand Chrysler for $700.00. The committee had decided put the matter on hold until further discussion. Then on November 1, 1927, Council decided not to purchase a police vehicle, but rather, have the Marshal use his own personal vehicle at an addition pay rate of time and a half when in use.

December 13, 1927 Marshal Floyd V. McRitchie is appointed to full time status and is paid $200.00 per month. The Marshal drove a 1927 Essex Coupe. The car was green with black fenders. Charlie Goosman remembers the Marshal and his car during his childhood days while growing up in Macedonia. Charlie is the son of the late Mrs. Bessie Goosman, the author of the book "The History of Olde Northfield Township."

Charlie shared a story about the Marshal and how he was able to ride in the Essex. He went on to say, that one day while playing hooky from school, the Marshal spotted him near the railroad station which was located near what is now known as South Bedford Road. He described the Marshal as being a tall man and well respected in the Village, especially by mischievous little boys who had been told on several occasions to stay in school and to not play near the train station. The Marshal scooped him up and took him home where he knew that more attention would be given to his backside rather than the great ride in Marshal McRitchie's car.

Photo on the right is an exact reproduction of Marshal Floyd V. McRitchie's badge in 1927. McRitchie Badge.jpg
The photo on the right is a popular style 38 police
revolver used in the 1920s Produced by Smith and
Wesson.
Revolver.jpg

March 7, 1928 Council appoints Sterling Jones, Owen Kelly and Laverne Burroughs as Deputy Marshals at a pay rate of $.50 per hour with one exception being that they would receive $.75 per hour when they have to use their own car. Council further advised the deputies they would only use their personal vehicle in cases of emergency.

March 5, 1929 Council adopts a Village traffic code and instructs the marshal to enforce these laws.

Ordinance 121.jpg

Ordanance No. 121 established the Marshals salary at Two Hundred dollars per month, a pretty good salary
at the time.
Marshal McRitchie was compensated an extra forty cents per hour when he used his own personal vehicle.

The newspaper article to the right was printed in a
Cleveland newspaper reporting the recovery of two
runaways by Marshal McRithcie. The two boys had
hopped a train in Cleveland and were on there way
to Mexico to start a revolutin. The article was on
loan for this history guide, presented by the
Marshals Grandson.
McRitchie Newspaper Article.jpg
 C.& P. Railroad station looked largely the same
right through the twenties and the nineteen forties.
Macedonia Train Station.jpg
   Nelson Brown (Station Master) and C. & P. Railroad Station